The National Emergency Management Association has regularly published a report on state emergency management since 1996. Mainstays in the report include information on state emergency management budgets, agency organizational structures, disaster funding mechanisms and how states pay for their share of federal disaster assistance programs. As more states established homeland security offices — often combined with the emergency management department — the report incorporated data on this important function. In addition, topical issues are identified and addressed as needed in each report.
- 2011 was a record year for major disasters declarations in the United States, with 99. This played out at the state level as well, with 250 gubernatorial emergencies, which was 38 percent more than the 181 reported in the NEMA 2010 Biennial Survey.
- There were also 258 events that required a significant commitment of state resources, but which did not result in a declared state of emergency. This was 111 percent increase from the FY 2009 survey when it was 122.
- As a result of 27 new governors taking office in 2011, 17 states appointed new state emergency directors.
- Despite a challenging budget environment and though it wasn’t required, state emergency management maintained its commitment to local emergency management programs by passing through almost half of its Emergency Management Performance Grant (EMPG) funding. The average pass-through to local jurisdictions was 47.4 percent, which is the same as the last survey.
- EMPG supported 6,416 full and part-time staff for both state and local emergency management programs. This compares to 5,620 in the last survey.
- Local emergency management programs are still being impacted by less revenue. Seventeen states reported that local emergency management programs were cut and local programs were consolidated in 13 states in order to save money. In 12 states, there were other reductions such as decreases in salaries and the elimination of travel.
- There was a jump in the number of personnel assigned to state fusion centers, up from 1,253 in the last survey to about 1,510. Law enforcement was the largest portion, with more than 64 percent of the total staff.
- States continue to professionalize emergency management staff. Thirty states reported certification programs for either the state or local emergency management staff, up from 23 previously.
- The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) has become more familiar to those outside of emergency management circles. Thirty-nine states provided 334 training opportunities in FY2011 to non-emergency management personnel.
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Charts by Section:
EMERGENCY/FEDERAL DISASTER DECLARATION
- Who Has Authority to Issue State Declaration-Initiate State Response
- Policies-Criteria that Trigger State Disaster Expenditures
LAWS AND AUTHORITIES
- Governor Authority to Issue Pending Event Emergency Declaration
- Governor Authority to Issue National Special Security Event Emergency Declaration
- Governor Authority to Issue Mandatory Evacuations
- Local Officials with Authority to Issue Mandatory Evacuation
- Penalties for Citizens Disobeying Mandatory Evacuation Orders
- Penalties are Misdemeanors/Felonies/Other
EXPENDITURES FOR EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS
- States Pay Some Portion of Non-Federal 25% PA Cost Share
- State Pays Some Portion of Non-Federal 25% HMGP Cost Share
- How State Portion of PA/HMGP Share is Determined
- States with Some Kind of State-Funded Disaster Assistance
- State-Funded Disaster Assistance Programs – Details
EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE GRANT
EMPG FUNDING ALLOCATIONS TO LOCAL JURISDICTIONS
- How EMPG is Allocated by Percentage
- Individual Factors Used to Distribute EMPG Funds
- How State-Retained EMPG Funds Are Used
STATE HOMELAND SECURITY
- State Has Certification Program for EM Staff/State and Local
- States with Established Professional Requirements for State EM Director
- State Has Certification Program for Local EM Programs – Details
- States with Established Professional Requirements for County-Other EM Director
- Status of State Cybersecurity Strategy
- State Fusion Center is Co-Located with State EOC-EM
- Primary Oversight Responsibility for State Fusion Center
- Breakdown of Personnel Assigned to State Fusion Center
- Focus of State Fusion Center
The NEMA Biennial Report is a copyrighted publication of the National Emergency Management Association (NEMA) and may not be reproduced or distributed, in whole or in part, without the express written permission of NEMA.
Copyright © 2012 National Emergency Management Association. All rights for the NEMA 2010 Biennial Report, its components and companion documentation are reserved.